The Sam Huse Contracted M1832 Foot Artillery Sword, dated 1833
This sword was based on a the French Artillery Model of 1816. It
resembles in shape and size the modern conception of the Roman infantry
sword. One of the design and assignment considerations was it's
use against cavalry. Since cavalry loved to take artillery positions
- like the Charge of the Light Brigade, it was thought that the
heavy or foot artillery man using this weapon could rip open the
horses belly's or break their legs as they leapt over the revetments
protecting the cannon emplacements. U.S. Ordnance Department manuals
for 1834 and 1839 also advocated the use of this weapon by infantry.
due to limited production facilities had sub-contracted out the
the manufacture of the earlier brass hilts to Samuel Huse who had
a foundry in nearby Newburyport, Massachusetts. In 1834 Ames started
producing hilts at their Chicopee Falls factory canceling
the sub-contract to Huse.
The 1833 dated Ames Foot Artillery sword has
a straight, delicately wasp shaped blade. It is double edged and
elliptical in cross-section. There are two side by side broad lower
fullers, starting 1-1/16" from the hilt that are each 3-9/16" long
by 7/16" wide. Then, after a space of 11/16", there is a single
broad 7/16" wide center fuller that extends 10-7/16" towards the
blade's spear shaped point. The over all blade length is 18-15/16''.
The blade is 1-3/4" wide at the hilt then curves inward to 1-9/16"
before flaring out again to 1-3/4" and tapering gracefully to it's
point. The blade is stamped on the reverse, near the hilt "UNITED
/ STATES / 1833" in 3 lines. On the obverse, near the hilt,
stamped under an American eagle, is "N. P. AMES / SPRINGFIELD" in
2 lines. The 6-1/8" long hilt and cross guard are stamped brass.
The grips have been molded in a scalloped eagle feather design.
Three transverse iron rivets secure it to the tang of the blade.
The tribolated pommel is decorated on each side with a heavily incised
American eagle, with shield, holding arrows in his left talon and
a olive branch in his right talon. The eagle's head faces towards
it's right. The straight cross quillons terminate in disk shaped
finials and are 4-7/32" across. On the top flat of the cross guard,
on the obverse blade side looking down, is the horizontal
stamping of "S. HUSE NEWBURYPORT". To the right of that
stamping, running vertically next to the finial, is the inspector's cartouche "DT" , These are the initials
of Mr. Daniel Tyler, an Agent for Ames Mfg.Co., Springfield, Massachusetts.