Engineer Hat Pin
Solid cast brass or white metal. This hatpin was used by engineers as well as a number of military schools of the period that taught engineering. Approximately 1 3/4" wide and 1 1/8" tall, with 2 lapel style pin backs.
At the onset of the Civil War the Regular Army Corps of Engineers had
only one company of enlisted soldiers stationed at West Point. The
force size was gradually increased to
eight companies, but even this force was small relative to the needs of
the service. Several volunteer regiments were designated as Engineers.
The best known of these were the 1st, 15th, 50th New York Engineer
Regiments, the 1st Michigan Engineer Regiment and 1st Missouri Engineer
Regiment (Bissell's Engineer Regiment of the West). There were also a
number of independent companies designated as Engineers.
The apparent lack of engineers was compensated for by the fact that West
Point was as much an engineering school as a military academy and its
graduates regardless of branch were capable of detailing their own
troops to build common structures, such as bridges, shelters or
fortifications. Also, entire infantry regiments were detailed for
larger projects. Such labor was not popular with soldiers who believed
they joined the army to fight, but most of them had worked in farming
and the tasks were familiar ones.
Original Brass Engineer Hat Pin.