Gilham's Manual of Instruction for the Volunteers and Militia of the United States
Hard-bound version of Gilham's Manual for Volunteers and Militia. This manual was used widely by Confederate troops, and possibly some Federal. Approximately 5-1/4" by 8-1/4" and contains over 740 pages of detailed drill and organizational information.
Gilham, born in 1818 in Indiana, graduated 5th in his class at
West Point in 1840, and served his country in both the Seminole War and
the war with Mexico. In 1846, he was appointed a professor at
VMI. Interestingly, Gilham was not only comandant of cadets, but
instructor of Infantry tactics, while his colleague, Thomas Jackson,
was instructor of Artillery Tactics.
After John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry, Governor Wise, of Virginia, ordered Major Gilham
to write a manual to train volunteers and militia. Finished in the fall
of 1860, it was entitled Manual of Instruction for the Volunteers and Militia of the United States. This volume is presented here.
the war began, in 1861, Gilham was commissioned a Colonel in the
Confederate Army, and commanded Camp Lee, a camp of instruction for
Virginia volunteers. Colonol Gilham organized and commanded the 21st
Viginia Infantry, but was quickly promoted to brigade command, though
retaining the rank of Colonel.
1862, Gilham realized that his true calling was as a teacher, and left
the army for his beloved VMI. After the war, Virgina's economy in
tatters, he took a business position, and was quite successful.
His health failing, he left Virgina for Vermont, there passing to
his reward in 1872.
Major Gilham (to give him the rank conferred by his beloved VMI) did
not play a major part on the battlefields of the Civil War, his great
work, the Manual of Instruction for the Volunteers and Militia of the United States lives after him, and keeps his name alive.